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Party Politics and Reform
Party politics has often been more important at the local level than the national level and reform is used by both parties to recruit voters. Even though we hear nothing but criticism of reform now, both parties used reform to expand their base. It is ironic that one party's successful reform created the other party's advantage.
Poverty Article (PDF)
Redevelopment became part of our common lexicon in the 1960's. But, in fact land owners in the city had always been concerned about development because it determined the value of their property. Residential property, particularly that of the working class, would be replaced by expansion of the CBD, shopping malls, highways, and even parking lots as "redevelopment" took the place of old fashioned industrial development.
Apartheid in an American City (PDF)
The industrial city is born in America's Revolution and showed us at the turn of the century everything we have subsequently come to know of the city. The old industrial cities demonstrate for us the use of space as control, as the poor and workers are kept near the workplace. This allows us to understand 'welfare' as it first emerged as a tool of industry. As we look at the present we recognize that the old industrial cities are gone along with the industries they were known for. Detroit will be our example. Can it make the transformation necessary to become a global city?
Welfare Article (PDF)
Women and Cities
Women have come to play increasingly important roles in organizing in cities. Ironically, because they have been left in charge of the domestic sphere they have been able to take the lead in organizing around development in this sphere (housing and the environment). But what would happen if development proceeded with the idea that women and children should be considered first?
Studies of the city have normally been short on theory and have instead centered on the empirical problems of city life - unemployment poverty, social unrest, rootlessness, congestion and so forth. Much like their predecessors of the Chicago School modern studies have tended to shy away from issues of class. We will attempt to go beyond the ecological perspective and look at issues of race and class. More importantly we will look at how 'exchange value' has come to dominate our thought and values. This will allow us to put structure and development in their proper perspective and we can come to an understanding of post-Fordism and the new global city.