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Cover Photo 2007-2008 Catalog Online

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Aquaculture and Fisheries Science (AFS)

Chairperson: Professor Bengtson

101 Freshman Inquiry into Fisheries and Aquaculture (1)

Introduction for freshmen to the opportunities, careers, research activities, applied outreach, and educational programs in fisheries and aquaculture. Interact weekly with faculty. Explore hands-on modules. (Lec. 1) S/U credit.

102 Introductory Aquaculture (3)

Aquaculture and its historical development worldwide, its contribution to food supply, non-food species, methods of production, environmental and ecological considerations, culture practices employed for selected species, selective breeding, feeding, disease, processing, and marketing. (Lec. 3)

104 Introductory Aquaculture Laboratory (1)

Field trips to local trout hatcheries, shellfish wholesalers, commercial aquaculture operations, aquaculture gear suppliers, and government research aquaculture facilities. Introduction to water quality monitoring. (Lab. 3) For Aquaculture and Fisheries Science majors. Must be taken concurrently with 102.

120 Introduction to Fisheries (2)

Introduction to international fishery issues, practices, patterns, and public policy based on readings and discussion in a tutorial setting. Concurrent registration in 121 required. (Lec. 2)

121 Introduction to Fisheries Laboratory (1)

Introduction to local fisheries and selected nearshore fishery ecosystems; exposure to use and operation of exemplary fishing and sampling gears in local fresh waters and estuaries. Concurrent registration in 120 required. (Lab. 3)

190 (or BCH, MIC, NRS, PLS 190) Issues in Biotechnology (3)

Introduction to modern biotechnology in medical, pharmaceutical, forensic, agricultural, marine, and environmental applications. Consideration of ethical, environmental, health, and social issues. (Lec. 3) (N)

201 Shellfish Aquaculture (3)

Culture of marine and freshwater mollusks. Emphasis on life history, biological requirements, culture practices, and economic importance of major species used for human food or shell products. (Lec. 2, Lab. 3) Pre: 102 and one semester of general chemistry.

202 Finfish Aquaculture (3)

Introduction to the culture of finfish, emphasizing general principles and hands-on experience. Topics include water quality, spawning, care and maintenance, and growth of selected freshwater and marine species. (Lec. 1, Lab. 6) Pre: 102 or equivalent.

210 Introduction to the Marine Environment (3)

Introduction to estuarine, coastal, and oceanic environments; physical and biological processes affecting basins, bottoms, water properties, marine life, and the atmosphere. (Lec. 3) (N)

211 Introduction to the Marine Environment Laboratory (3)

Laboratory exercises on the marine environment. Unit conversions, measuring physical features and times, chart work and positioning problems, measuring and processing physical marine parameters, beach and submerged landscape profiling. (Lab. 2) (N)

270 Basic Scuba Diving in Science and Technology (3)

Rigorous introduction to scuba diving including equipment, diving physics, no-decompression and decompression diving, basic skills, and safety. Emphasis on development of basic knowledge and skills appropriate for a diving scientist or technician. Open Water Diver Certification by the National Association of Underwater Instructors is provided. (Lec. 2, Lab. 3) Pre: scuba diving physical examination and demonstration of strong swimming skills.

290 Small Boats: Their Equipment and Operation (3)

Principles and practices of vessel operation, from outboard skiffs to small trawlers. Basic nomenclature, navigation, and shiphandling. Rigging and working gear used in marine resource development. (Lec. 2, Lab. 3)

300 Aquaculture Health Management (4)

Causes and mechanisms of diseases in cultured marine and freshwater organisms, with emphasis on diagnosis, prevention, and treatment, as well as environmental and regulatory issues. (Lec. 3, Lab. 2)

311 Exploration of Marine Bioresources (3)

Explores marine bioresources for pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals, and novel biomaterials. Distribution and biodiversity of marine organisms important to industrial utilization. Culture and recovery technologies and assessment of bioactivity. (Lec. 3)

312 Fish Habitat (3)

An introduction to fish habitat including conservation legislation, identification and mapping, fishing and non-fishing impacts, rehabilitation, and socio-economic considerations. (Lec. 3) Pre: 120. Offered in spring of even-numbered years.

315 Living Aquatic Resources (3)

Survey of major aquatic resource groups; life histories, distribution, and exploitation of representative finfishes, mollusks, and crustacea in major fisheries ecosystems; management practices and patterns of fisheries development. (Lec. 3) Pre: 210 and BIO 113 or 101 or at least one semester of general animal biology.

316 Living Aquatic Resources Laboratory (1)

Study of representative organisms of major resource groups; finfish taxonomy, anatomy, and osteology; exemplary mollusks and crustacea; introduction to larval fishes and fish age estimation; character analysis. (Lab. 3) Pre: concurrent registration in 315. Offered in fall of odd-numbered years.

321 World Fishing Methods (3)

A survey of fish catching methods of the world and the electronic enhancements to fishing that have increased fishing power. Application of these methods to scientific sampling, commercial harvesting, recreational and subsistence fishing. (Lec. 3) Pre: 120 is recommended. Concurrent enrollment in 322 required. Offered in spring of odd-numbered years.

322 Laboratory for World Fishing Methods (1)

An introduction to the basic techniques used in fishing gear construction, maintenance, and operation. (Lab. 3) Pre: 120 is recommended. Concurrent enrollment in 321 required. Offered in spring of odd-numbered years.

332 Interactions between Fisheries and Protected Species (3)

An introduction to the issues associated with interactions between fisheries and protected species including legislation, and methods of assessing stock abundance and number of interactions. Case studies of specific interactions will be reviewed. (Lec. 3) Pre: 120. Offered spring of odd-numbered years.

362 Crustacean Aquaculture (3)

Reproductive biology, breeding, culture systems, nutrition, genetics, and ecology of selected species of cultured crustaceans. Representative species of penaeid shrimp, freshwater prawns, crayfish, crabs, lobsters, and brine shrimp will be discussed. (Lec. 3) Pre: 201 and 202. Offered spring of odd-numbered years.

391, 392 Special Problems and Independent Study (1-3 each)

Special work to meet individual needs of students in various fields of fisheries and marine technology. (Independent Study)

415 Fishery Science (3)

Biology of aquatic resource animals, fisheries mensuration and assessment, fisheries ecology, fishing methods, aquatic resource management and conservation, fish and shellfish farming. (Lec. 3) Pre: 315 and college mathematics; concurrent registration in 416.

416 Fishery Science Laboratory (1)

Practices and techniques of fisheries science. Field exercises in local model estuary and lake ecosystems; sampling methods; enumerating and documenting collections; measuring and reporting environmental attributes; estimating population parameters. (Lab. 2) Pre: concurrent registration in 415.

421 Design of Fish Capture Systems (3)

Detailed study of the design considerations and methods of construction of specific representative commercial and scientific sampling fish capture gear. Full-scale and model nets are designed, constructed, and tested. (Lec. 2, Lab. 3) Pre: 321 or permission of instructor.

425 Aquaculture and the Environment (3)

Impacts of aquaculture practices on the environment, including habitat alteration, release of drugs and chemicals, and interaction of cultured and wild organisms. Methods to reduce or eliminate those impacts: modeling, siting, and monitoring of aquaculture facilities; use of polyculture and water reuse systems. (Lec. 3) Pre: 102.

426 Ecological Aquaculture (3)

Study of the natural and social ecology of aquaculture ecosystems by applying principles of the systems ecology to the management of the world’s aquaculture ecosystems. (Lec. 3) Pre: 102. Not for graduate credit.

432 Marine Finfish Aquaculture (3)

Culture of non-salmonid marine fish worldwide, with emphasis on the hatchery phase. Broodstock, larval rearing, live and formulated feeds, grow-out systems, stock enhancement. Requires student project on facility design. Pre: 102.

433 Research Diving Methods (3)

Underwater methods used to assess biological, physical, chemical, and geological characteristics of estuarine and coastal environments are presented and used to investigate seasonal changes in these parameters in the Narragansett Bay environment. (Lec. 2, Lab. 3) Pre: scuba certification and permission of instructor.

434 Aquatic Food Quality and Processing (4)

See Nutrition and Food Sciences 434

435 Aquatic Food Product Development (3)

Concept of product developments, physicochemical principles and process technology for aquatic food and marine bioproduct development, survey of aquatic and marine products and manufacturing processes, and lab exercises on key products. (Lec. 2, Lab. 2) Pre: 434 or equivalent.

481 Shellfish Aquaculture Laboratory (2)

Detailed study of hatchery, nursery, and grow-out techniques for the production of bivalve mollusks. Culture of phytoplankton, conditioning of broodstock, spawning, larviculture, settlement, metamorphosis, nursery and grow-out methods. (Lab. 6) Pre: 201 or permission of instructor. Offered fall of odd-numbered years.

483 Salmonid Aquaculture (3)

Principles of salmonid aquaculture, including culturing, spawning, incubation, feed formulation and feeding, disease control, genetics, systems management, harvesting, and transport. (Lec. 2, Lab. 2) Pre: 102 or equivalent.

486 Applied Physiology of Fish (3)

Functions of the organ systems of fish, regulation of physiological functions and environmental interactions. Emphasis on the teleosts. (Lec. 3) Pre: BIO 341 or equivalent.

491, 492 Special Projects (1-3 each)

Work that meets the individual needs of students in aquaculture. (Independent Study)

500 Diseases of Aquatic Organisms (3)

Nature, causes, diagnosis, and spread of diseases limiting piscine freshwater and marine aquaculture projects. Emphasis on prevention, control, and treatment of more common diseases affecting hatchery management. (Lec. 3) Pre: 102; BIO 201 or AVS 331.

501, 502 Seminar (1 each)

Preparation and presentation of scientific papers on selected subjects in animal pathology and virology. (Seminar)

503 (or AVS 503) Pathobiology (3)

Mechanisms and causes of disease in homeothermic and poikilothermic vertebrates. Cell death, inflammation, infection, metabolic disorders, and neoplasis in relation to fish, reptiles, birds, and mammals. Effects of disease at the cellular, tissue, organ, and organismal levels with a medical orientation. (Lec. 3) Pre: BIO 201 or AVS 331.

508 Seminar in Biological Literature

See Biological Sciences 508.

510 Application of Quantitative Methods to Marine Fisheries Ecology (3)

An introduction to quantitative methods used to model population growth, density dependency, exploitation, predator-prey systems, competition, and multi-species communities in marine ecosystems. An independent research project is required for graduate credit. (Lec. 2, Lab. 3) Pre: BIO 262 and MTH 111. Offered fall, even years.

516 Early Life History of Aquatic Resource Animals (3)

Biology and ecology of juvenile and planktonic commercially important species; dynamics of reproduction, fecundity, growth, distribution, and behavior as modulated by the physical environment; identification, enumeration, and sampling. (Lec. 2, Lab. 3) Pre: 415 and STA 308.

521 Evaluation of Fish Capture System (3)

Evaluation of fish capture system behavior and performance using empirical, theoretical, model scaling, and statistical analysis techniques. Field and laboratory measurement procedures. (Lec. 2, Lab. 3) Pre: 421 or permission of instructor.

531 Fisheries Stock Assessment (3)

A quantitative approach to describing the processes of fish growth and mortality, the estimation of stock size, the prediction of stock yield, and management practices. Spreadsheets and other microcomputer applications will be used for analysis and modeling. (Lec. 2, Lab. 3) Pre: 415, STA 409 or permission of instructor.

532 Experimental Design

See Statistics 532.

534 (or MIC 534) Animal Virology (3)

Basic properties, classification, and evolution of animal viruses. Individual agents are studied in detail. (Lec. 3) Pre: MIC 432, 533, or permission of chairperson.

536 (or MIC 536) Virology Laboratory (2)

Methods employed in diagnosis and for the investigation of the biological, physical, and chemical properties of animal viruses. (Lab. 6) Pre: credit or concurrent enrollment in 534.

538 Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases

See Microbiology 538.

576 Seminar in Genetics of Aquatic Organisms (3)

Modes of inheritance found in fish including chromosome number, polyploidy, sex determination, and hybridization. Heritabilities, methods of selection, and mating systems used in the development of fish suited for intensive culture. (Seminar) Pre: BIO 352.

581 Current Topics in Molluscan Aquaculture (3)

Review and critical analysis of recent literature within the field of molluscan biology with emphasis on application to mariculture techniques. Student presentation of selected topics and field trips to state-of-the-art mariculture facilities. (Lec. 3) Pre: graduate standing or senior standing with permission of instructor.

584 Advanced Aquaculture Systems (3)

Development of design criteria, operational analysis, and management of selected species in water reuse systems. (Lec. 2, Lab. 2) In alternate years.

586 Fish Nutrition (3)

Digestion and metabolism of carbohydrate, protein, and lipids by fish. Role of vitamins and minerals in metabolism and associative nutritional diseases resulting from deficiencies. Inadvertent toxic factors in fish feeds. (Lec. 3) Pre: CHM 228 or equivalent. In alternate years.

591, 592 Special Projects (1-3 each)

Research projects in animal pathology, virology, and aquaculture. (Independent Study) Pre: graduate standing or permission of chairperson.

599 Master’s Thesis Research

Number of credits is determined each semester in consultation with the major professor or program committee (Independent Study) S/U credit.

930 Workshop in Aquaculture Topics for Teachers (0-3)

Designed especially for teachers of science. Basic topics in aquaculture from an advanced or pedagogical perspective. Pre: teacher certification.

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