apples in Rhode Island is certainly much easier if you don°t need
to spray fungicides for apple scab control. There are several great
apple varieties resistant to the apple scab fungus that grow well
here. The varieties are listed in order of ripening.
Pristine - (Golden Delicious and McIntosh in its background)
Ripens late July. Pristine trees bear medium to large fruit with
a very smooth, attractive yellow finish, often with a blush when
the fruit is still crisp. Flavor is somewhat tart and excellent
for cooking or eating fresh. It has very good quality for its season
but does not store well. Since it ripens so early, summer diseases
should not impact fruit quality. It has a tendency for biennial
bearing and early fruit drop. Blooms mid- to late season.
Pride - (Purdue, Rutgers, Illinois (PRI) release)
mid-August. William's Pride is a maroon-red, medium-large apple
with crisp, firm, juicy, cream-color flesh. Flavor is sweet-tart
and trees are annually productive and easy to grow. Need several
pickings once it starts ripening and does not store well. Blooms
Redfree - (Raritan x PRI)
late August. The fruit is medium-large with a beautiful, dark red
finish. The flesh is firm with a sweet-tart flavor that has been
compared to Empire. This tree needs thinning and multiple pickings.
Does not store well. Blooms mid-season.
Easygro - (Spartanx PRI)
with McIntosh (early September). The fruit is red-striped over green
background and is sweet, firm and crunchy. Stores for limited time
under refrigeration. Blooms mid-season.
- (Macoun x PRI)
in mid- to late September. It is precocious, productive and has
scored high in taste tests. Liberty is among the best scab-resistant
apples. The fruit is a very attractive bright red blush with hints
of striping, although somewhat irregular in shape. The flavor is
very good, sprightly, tart-sweet, and the flesh is crispy and juicy.
Quality is retained up to 2 months in refrigerated storage. Fruit
needs thinning. Narrow window for picking. Blooms mid-season.
- (New York cross)
Ripens early October. Although not particularly attractive, Freedom
apples are bronze-red striped on a yellow-green background. Fruit
is large and produces annually on a well-thinned tree. The flesh
is firm and juicy and the flavor is tart. It is excellent for cooking
and eating fresh. This apple was a big hit at our GreenShare Day
taste test in September 1998. Freedom trees are very vigorous and
require considerable pruning to maintain a productive tree shape.
Stores well for limited time. Blooms mid-season.
Enterprise - (PRI x PRI)
late October. Medium-size fruit with 75 to 100% red to orange over
green to deep yellow background. Flesh is cream-colored and crisp.
Flavor is spicy and aromatic. Fruit hangs well on the tree. Its
flavor peaks after 3 to 4 weeks in refrigerated storage and keeps
for 6 months. Blooms late mid-season.
apple trees are susceptible to summer diseases called fly speck
and sooty blotch. These diseases discolor only the surface of the
apple, though they can be quite unsightly. A thorough scrubbing
with a cloth and water will remove most of the discoloration. A
fungicide, such as Captan, can be applied every 2 weeks from early
July until 2 weeks before harvest, though we recommend tolerating
the fly speck and sooty blotch or scrubbing it off. See GreenShare
Factsheet on sooty blotch and fly speck for more information.
apple trees are susceptible to insect attack. We recommend the insecticide
Imidan be applied at flower petal fall and again 10 to 14 days later.
To control apple maggot fly, hang
sticky red spheres at the end of June until harvest. Use one trap
per dwarf tree and up to 6 traps for a full-size tree (approximately
one trap per 150 fruit). See GreenShare
Factsheet on backyard apple pest control for more information
and control recommendations.