small tree/ large shrub is native to Japan and maintains a dense,
oval, low-branching form with close-set stems. M. stellata
is a lovely plant but many of the cultivars are even more preferable.
'Centennial' was introduced by Arnold Arboretum to commemorate their
100th anniversary in 1979.
green, large, oval shape with rounded tips. Yellow to bronze in
autumn. Fuzzy buds are quite attractive in spring.
large, fragrant, blooming in March or April before the leaves come
out. Early flowers are sometimes susceptible to late frosts and
harsh winds. Even very young trees will flower. Petals on 'Centennial'
are white with a pink tinge around the outside, and the flowers
are especially open and full.
feet with almost equal spread.
specimen, quite popular. Foundation plantings, large tree lawns.
Avoid hot southern exposures for best flowering.
full sun but will tolerate some shade. Flowers will be most reliable
when this species is planted in cooler exposures (north, east) to
avoid a too-early blooming subsequently killed by late frost. Soil
should be moist, deep, slightly acidic, good organic matter content.
Allow adequate space for root development. Prune shortly after flowering
is over. Hardy in zones 5-8.
seed for four to six months at 35-40 degrees F to overcome embryo
dormancy. Cuttings should be collected when terminal (flower) buds
have formed. Wound the cuttings, treat with a fairly high concentration
of IBA, and put under mist. M. stellata roots more easily
than some of the other magnolias.
'Royal Star'- possibly the most common M. stellata; flowers
are a bit smaller and opening a bit later than 'Centennial'
'Rubra'- purplish flowers that fade to pink; compact form; yellow-green
'Dawn'- white flowers with pink stripe running the length of each
plants are those which are non-invasive and require less pesticides,
water, fertilizer, and maintenance. The use of sustainable plants,
in conjunction with sound horticultural practices, is one of the
most effective long-term approaches to avoiding pesticide misuse
in the landscape. The U.R.I. Sustainable Landscapes Program is working
to increase the availability and consumer demand for sustainable