Dawley (URI Master Gardener), Davisville, RI
What you will see!
1: Front lawn and beds - this page
2: Back yard -- see the back yard for more on lawn
renovation (shady area) and the use of permeable paving
to demonstration sites
of sustainable plants & border beds that reduce runoff
of trees, shrubs and plants that require minimal inputs
of fertilizer, pesticides and water. Tip
1 - Choose the right plants.
of shrubs and crushed stone around the perimeter of the
help to settle and reduce
roof runoff from
leaving the yard and increase groundwater
recharge on-site. Tip
5 - reduce runoff.
9, 2005, bed of sustainable plants in bloom.
9, 2005, border bed of shrubs in bloom.
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White Grub Control:
3 - use fertilizers and pesticides responsibly
noticed the presence of white
grubs when digging
in garden beds over the last two years. Sampling
in Spring 2003 identified the white grubs as
a high enough population to warrant treatment
of the problem which consisted of a combination
of chemical and biological (mass trapping and
mating disruption) control methods. Click here
to view pest
control methods used.
sampled for white
grubs again in September 2003 and May 2004 and
found a low
The biological control method, mass trapping
and mating disruption, will continue to be used during
of 2004 and 2005. Sampling in September found
no oriential beetle white grubs.
that white grubs generally do not persist in shady
shaded landscapes with the establishment of trees and
large shrubs can be a long-term preventative measure
URI Master Gardener, Rudi Hempe, collects adult oriental
beetles from the traps once per week during early June
through late August.
Barrels and Soaker Hose:
4 - water wisely
- reduce runoff
rain barrels have been linked and installed at the
northeast corner of the house and can hold
108 gallons of water
total. Garden hose and soaker hose have been
provided to aid in watering a bed of perennial/annual
rain barrels have been installed on blocks
to provide for some height to aid in gravity
flow. The water collected
also be used for window boxes and container plants.
hose provides low pressure/low volume watering; allowing
little to no loss due to wind and evaporation. The hose
placed on the ground close to plant root zone. Low pressure
and volume reduces potential for runoff or leaching below
the root zone. A soaker hose can make use of collected
rainwater using gravity flow.
hose is placed around plant root zone.
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sections of front lawn have been renovated
with an Endophyte--Enhanced
grass mix which is naturally pest resistant to
certain leaf-eating insects. This predominantly fescue
also more drought
were collected Spring 2003, 2004, and 2005 to monitor
for nutrients and soil pH.
Note the importance of using a drop
spreader for controlled application of fertilizer.
use of a drop spreader
lawn management includes leaving
the grass clippings on the lawn except
when collected for composting purposes.
Some watering with
a portable sprinkler is conducted using a rain guage to
measure weekly rainfall and using shallow cans to measure
the amount of irrigation
water applied, which is crucial in preventing
renovated with Endophyte--Enhanced grass mix:
30% Improved Perennial Ryegrass
30% Chewings Fescue
30% Tall Fescue
10% Kentucky Bluegrass
2005. The existing front lawn has been improved over the
last few years with the application of pelletized lime
according to soil test recommendations to raise the soil
pH. Two applications of organic
been made each year. One in early to mid-May and one by
Mid-September to reduce risk of Nitrogen leaching to groundwater.
total of 2 lbs. of N/1,000 square feet is applied each
with recyling the grass clippings. Fertilizer blends have
been chosen to match the Phosphorus and Potassium needs
as closely as possible without over-applying those nutrients
(based on soil test results).
April 2005, the lawn was also de-thatched and raked to
assist with soil aeration. Visit our Healthy
Lawn Care page for more information on lawn renovation and health.
summer of 2005 consisted of significantly high temperatures
and dry periods with little to no rain. The lawn
was not watered
to go dormant for the summer, in which much of the grass
turned brown. The following two photos, taken September
27, 2005 show how nicely the lawn greened up and recovered
from the dormancy once rain fall became more frequent and
temperatures became cooler beginning at the very end of
Above two photos taken September 27, 2005
2: Back yard -- see
the back yard for more on lawn renovation (shady area)
and the use of permeable paving
thanks to Terry Moone Excavating for the donation of equipment
and service to pick-up and deliver landscaping materials.
thanks to Bob Mackie, Midland Seamless Gutter for the donation
of a roof gutter downspout and elbow.
thanks to Dr. Steve Alm, URI Dept. Plant Sciences and URI
Master Gardeners Rudi Hempe, Michael Sullivan, Richard
Perreault, Jules Cohen, Chuck DiTucci, and Joy Gerstenblatt
for their time, expertise, equipment and assistance with
planning, implementation and maintenance.
to demonstration sites