Dawley (URI Master Gardener), Davisville, RI
What you will see!
2: Back yard -
paving alternatives--using crushed stone for walkways and
areas difficult to maintain in lawn.
*Lawn renovation with shade
tolerant grass mix and white clover
1: Front Lawn and Beds - see the front yard for beds
of sustainable plants, rain barrels, healthy lawn care steps,
altnerative white grub control and more.
to demonstration sites
of walkway using crushed stone – permeable
5 - reduce runoff
Tip 6 -
reduce soil erosion
33 ft. long by 3 ft. wide strip of lawn grass (separating
two beds) was converted to a crushed stone walkway.
This minimizes difficult lawn maintenance, promotes groundwater
infiltration and protects the soil
from erosion while providing
a scenic enhancement of the existing landscape.
top four to six inches of topsoil was removed and saved
for lawn renovation areas. The walkway area was leveled,
landscape edging and fabric were installed, followed
by 3/4 inch crushed stone.
of crushed stone pad – permeable
Jackie worked with a landscape contractor to convert a difficult to maintain
lawn area around a wooden swing to create a low-maintenance scenic enhancement.
placement, August 2003
contractor set the swing on an angle, introduced a curved
contour edge, and used landscape fabric underneath stone
dust and crushed stone to provide a pad area. This minimizes
difficult lawn maintenance, promotes groundwater
infiltration and protects the
soil from erosion while providing a scenic enhancement
of the existing landscape.
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Paving stones are used to provide a walkway to the back
yard. The use of paving stones and border beds provides
an attractive use of this narrow, shaded area between
the house and property boundary, requiring minimal
inputs of fertilizers, pest control and water.
renovation: Healthy Lawn Care
backyard lawn was renovated using
lawn grass mix and white clover. This predominantly
fescue mix is also more drought tolerant.
White Clover: Due to Jackie's interest
in bee keeping, she was willing to add
white clover to
the mix. White
and other legumes have the unique ability to “fix” atmospheric
nitrogen and make it available for plant uptake.
Lawns with white clover require little to no
New Zealand, Dutch and Haifa are low growing
varieties commonly used in lawns. Seeding rates
1/4 to 1/2 pound per 1,000 square feet. Small
white or pink
flowers will attract bees, which may or may
not be desirable. How can you beat free nitrogen?
White clover also performs
well in droughty, low-fertility, low maintenance
test samples were collected Spring 2003 and 2004; fertilizer
and lime applications have been/will be made
according to recommendations.
Note the importance of using a drop
spreader for controlled application of fertilizer.
On-going management includes
leaving the grass clippings on the lawn except when
collected for composting purposes. Watering with
a portable sprinkler is conducted using a rain
guage to measure weekly rainfall
and using shallow cans to measure the amount of irrigation water
applied, which is crucial in preventing
renovation, May 2003
renovation, May 2003
renovated with shade tolerant grass mix:
Improved Perennial Ryegrass
20% Chewings Fescue
20% Hard Fescue
5% Improved Kentucky Bluegrass
5% Poa Trivialis (Rough Bluegrass)
lb. per 1,000 sq. ft. of clover seed was broadcast
after the shady mix.
Above two photos taken three weeks after seeding, June
clover interseeded with shady grass mix, August
September 2003, picinic table was removed from central
lawn area, area was patch seeded with shady lawn mix.
May 2004, applying lime and organic fertilizer according
to soil test results.
June 9, 2005
Visit our Healthy
Lawn Care page for more information
on renovation tips and lawn health.
1: Front Lawn and Beds - see the front
yard for beds of sustainable plants, rain barrels,
healthy lawn care steps, altnerative white grub control
thanks to Terry Moone Excavating for the donation of equipment
and service to pick-up and deliver landscaping materials.
thanks to Bob Mackie, Midland Seamless Gutter for the donation
of a roof gutter downspout and elbow.
thanks to Dr. Steve Alm, URI Dept. Plant Sciences and URI
Master Gardeners Rudi Hempe, Michael Sullivan, Richard
Perreault, Jules Cohen, Chuck DiTucci, and Joy Gerstenblatt
for their time, expertise, equipment and assistance with
planning, implementation and maintenance.
to demonstration sites