11. Refer to section 8.31.10 of the UNIVERSITY MANUAL to determine the appropriate number of hours per credit for different methods of instruction.

Definitions for Methods of Instruction

Lecture: A class in which an instructor presents information to students; students also may be expected to participate in class through small group discussions, questions and answers, writing-to-learn exercises, etc.

Laboratory: In-class applied academic work involving experimentation observation, often using special equipment.

Lecture with Laboratory: A lecture class in which separate sections are set aside for laboratory experiences.

Lecture with Recitation: A lecture class in which separate sections are set aside for recitation.

Studio: In-class, supervised work with an emphasis on performance and creativity in which faculty instruct, assist, and critique.

Seminar: Regular meetings of a small group (usually no more than 25 students) where participants exchange ideas and findings based on readings or research.

Independent Study: One-on-one instruction in which the student enters into an agreement with the instructor for defining the focus of study, for locating resources and materials, and for presenting the results. Examples include tutorials, directed readings, special projects, etc.

Practicum: Structured experiences usually outside the classroom where the primary aim is to connect theory with practice. Examples include clinics, internships, externships, student teaching, field experiences, etc.

Workshop: Similar to a seminar, with emphasis on applied rather than theoretical learning but not offered for degree program credit.