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Sun: Stages of Change

Sun Protection Items

The following questions are about protecting yourself from too much summer sun exposure. There are several ways to protect yourself from the sun:
    - by using sunscreens with a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) of 15 or more
    - by wearing protective clothing (for example, a hat with a wide brim, shirts, and long pants)
    - by avoiding or limiting exposure to the sun during the mid-day hours

1. Do you protect yourself from exposure to the sun consistently, that is, whenever you know you will be out in the sun for more than about 15 minutes?

2. Have you consistently protected yourself from exposure to the sun for the past 12 months?

3. Do you intend to consistently protect yourself from exposure to the sun in the next 12 months?

4. Do you intend to consistently protect yourself from exposure to the sun in the next 30 days?

 

Sunscreen Items

The next few questions are about protecting yourself from too much summer sun exposure by using sunscreens with an SPF of 15 or more.

1. Do you use a sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15 consistently, that is, whenever you know you will be out in the sun for more than about 15 minutes?

2. Have you been using sunscreens with an SPF of at least 15 consistently for the past 12 months?

3. Do you intend to use sunscreens with an SPF of at least 15 consistently in the next 12 months?

4. Do you intend to use sunscreens with an SPF of at least 15 consistently in the next 30 days?

 

Staging Algorithm

Item # PC C P A M
1 No No No Yes Yes
2       No Yes
3 No Yes Yes    
4   No Yes    

 

References

Rossi, J.S., Blais, L.M., Redding, C.A., & Weinstock, M.A. (1995). Behavior change for reducing sun and ultraviolet light exposure: Implications for interventions. Dermatologic Clinics, 13, 613-622.