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Transtheoretical Model
Publications
Authors
James O. Prochaska, Ph.D.
Measures
Interventions

"CPRC - A research organization dedicated to helping people change their behavior for living longer, healthier lives"

 
James O. Prochaska, Ph.D.
Professor and Director

Biography

Abrams, D.B., Orleans, C.T., Niaura, R.N., Goldstein, M.G., Velicer, W.F., & Prochaska, J.O. (1994). Smoking treatment issues: Towards a stepped care approach. Tobacco Control, 2 (suppl), 517-537.

Greene, G.W., Rossi, S.R., Velicer, W.F., Rossi, J.L., & Prochaska, J.O. (in press).  Dietary applications of the stages of change model.  Journal of the American Dietetic Association.

Brogan, M.M., Prochaska, J.O., & Prochaska, J.M. (1999). Predicting termination and continuation status in psychotherapy using the transtheroretical model. Psychotherapy, 36, 105-113.

Harlow, L.L., Prochaska, J.O., Redding, C.A., Rossi, J.S., Velicer, W.F., Snow, M.G., Schnell, D., Galavotti, C., O'Reilly, K., Rhodes, F. (1999).   Stages of condom use in a high HIV-risk sample.  Psychology and Health, 14, 143-157.

Migneault, J.P., Velicer, W.F., Prochaska, J. O., & Stevenson, J. F. (1999). Decisional balance for immoderate drinking in college students. Substance Use and Misuse, 34, 1325-1346.

Nigg, C.R., Burbank, P., Padula, C., Dufresne, R., Rossi, J. S., Velicer, W. F., Laforge, R. G. & Prochaska, J. O. (1999). Stages of change across ten health risk behaviors for older adults. The Gerontologist, 39, 473-482.

Pallonen, U.E., Velicer, W.F., Prochaska, J.O., & Smith, N.F. (1995). Feasibility of computer-based smoking interventions among teenagers: Recruitment and treatment retention. In R.R. Dholakia & D.B. Fortin (eds.), COTIM-95 Proceedings : Living and Working in Cyberspace: New Information Ssytem Technologies at Home and Work. Newport, RI: COTIM-95.

Prochaska, J. O. and Marzilli, R. (1973). "Modifications of the Masters and Johnson approach to sexual problems." Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice 10(4): 294-296.

Prochaska, J.O., & Velicer, W.F. (1997). Misinterpretations and misapplications of the transtheoretical model. (Invited paper). American Journal of Health Promotion, 12, 11-12.

Redding, C.A., Prochaska, J.O., Pallonen, U.E., Rossi, J.S., Velicer, W.F., Rossi, S.R., Greene, G., Meier, K., Evers, K., Plummer, B.A., & Maddock, J. (in press). Transtheoretical individualized mulitmedia expert systems targeting adolescents’ health behaviors. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 00, 000-000.

Redding, C.A., Rossi, J.S., Rossi, S.R., Velicer, W.F., & Prochaska, J.O. (1999). Health behavior models. In Hyner, G.C., Peterson, K.W., Travis, J.W., Dewey, J.E., Foerster, J.J., & framer, E.M. (Eds.), SPM Handbook of Health Assessment Tools. Pittsburgh, PA: The Society of Prospective Medicine & The Institute for Health and Productivity Management, pp 83-93.

Rossi, J.S., Rossi, S.R., Velicer, W.F., & Procaska, J.O. (1995). To change or not to change: That is the question. In D.B. Allison, Handbook of the Assessment Methods for Eating Behaviors and Weight Related Problems. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, pp. 387-430.

Ruggiero, L., Rossi, J.S., Prochaska, J.O., Glasgow, R.E., de Groot, M., Dryfoos, J.M., Reed, G.R., Orleans, C.T., Prokhorov, A.V., & Kelly, K. (1999). Smoking and diabetes: Readiness for change and provider advice. Addictive Behaviors, 24, 573-578.

Velicer, W.F., & Prochaska, J.O. (1997). Introduction to special issue of American Journal of Health Promotion. American Journal of Health Promotion, 12, 6-7.

Velicer, W.F., & Prochaska, J. O. (1999).  An expert system intervention for smoking cessation.  Patient Education and Counseling, 36, 119-129.

Prochaska, J. O. (1979). Systems of psychotherapy: A transtheoretical analysis. Homewood. Illinois, Dorsey Press.
(Purchase @ Amazon)

Reed, G.R., Velicer, W.F., & Prochaska, J.O. (1997). What makes a good staging algorithm: Examples from regular exercise. American Journal of Health Promotion, 12, 57-67.

DiClemente, C. C. and J. O. Prochaska (1982). "Self-change and therapy change of smoking behavior: A comparison of processes of change in cessation and maintenance." Addictive Behaviors 7: 133-142.

Prochaska, J. O. and C. C. DiClemente (1982). "Transtheoretical therapy: Toward a more integrative model of change." Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice 19(3): 276-288.

Norcross, J. C. and J. O. Prochaska (1982). "A national survey of clinical psychologists: Views on training, career choice, and APA." The Clinical Psychologist 35(4): 4-8.

Norcross, J. C. and J. O. Prochaska (1982). "A national survey of clinical psychologists: Affiliations and Orientations." The Clinical Psychologist 35(3): 4-6.

Prochaska, J. M. and J. O. Prochaska (1982). "Dual career families are a new challenge for spouses and agencies." Social Casework 63: 118-120.

Prochaska, J.O., Crimi, P., Lapsanski, D., Mantel, L., Reid, P.   (1982). "Self-change processes, self-efficacy and self-concept in relapse and maintenance of cessation of smoking." Psychological Reports 51: 983-990.

Prochaska, J. O. and D. V. Lapsanski (1982). "Life changes, cessation and maintenance of smoking: A preliminary report." Psychological Reports 50: 609-610.

Prochaska, J. O. and J. C. Norcross (1982). "The future of psychotherapy: A Delphi poll." Professional Psychology l3(5): 620-627.

McConnaughy, E., J. Prochaska, et al. (1983). "Stages of change in psychotherapy: Measurement and sample profiles." Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, and Practice 20: 368-375.

Prochaska, J. O. (1983). "Self changers vs. therapy changers vs.Schachter." American Psychologist 38: 853-854.

Prochaska, J. O. and C. C. DiClemente (1983). "Stages and processes of self-change of smoking: Toward an integrative model of change." Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 51(3): 390-395.

Norcross, J. C. and J. O. Prochaska (1983). "Clinicians theoretical orientations: Selection, utilization and efficacy." Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 14(2): 197-208.

Norcross, J. C. and J. O. Prochaska (1983). "Psychotherapists in independent practice: Some findings and issues." Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 14(6): 869-881.

Prochaska, J. O. and J. C. Norcross (1983). "Psychotherapists' perspectives on treating themselves and their clients for psychic distress." Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 14: 642-655.

Prochaska, J. O. and J. C. Norcross (1983). "Contemporary psychotherapists: A national survey of characteristics, practices, orientations and attutudes." Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice 20(2): 161-173.

Prochaska, J. O. and J. M. Prochaska (1983). "Teaching psychology to elementary school gifted students." Teaching Psychology 10(2): 82-84.

Prochaska, J. and C. DiClemente (1984). The transtheoretical approach: Crossing traditional boundaries of therapy. Homewood, Ill., Dow Jones-Irwin.

Norcross, J. C., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1984). "Factor structure of the Levels of Attribution and Change (LAC) scale in samples of psychotherapists and smokers." Journal of Clinical Psychology 40(2): 519-528.

Prochaska, J. O. and C. C. DiClemente (1984). Self change processes, self efficacy and decisional balance across five stages of smoking cessation. Advances in Cancer Control - 1983. New York, NY, Alan R. Liss, Inc.: 131-140.

Hefner, C. W. and J. O. Prochaska (1984). "Concurrent versus conjoint marital therapy." Social Work 29(3): 287-291.

Norcross, J. and J. Prochaska (1984). "Where do behavior therapists take their troubles? II." Behavior Therapist 7: 26-27.

Norcross, J. C., E. Guadagnoli, et al. (1984). "Factor structure of the Profile of Mood States (POMS): Two partial replications." Journal of Clinical Psychology 40(5): 1270-1277.

Norcross, J. C. and J. O. Prochaska (1984). "APA and the independent practitioner." APA Monitor l5(5): 5.

Prochaska, J. O. and C. C. DiClemente (1985). Common processes of self-change in smoking, weight control, and psychological distress. Coping and substance abuse: A conceptual framework. S. Shiffman and T. Wills. New York, NY, Academic Press: 345-363.

Velicer, W. F., C. C. DiClemente, et al. (1985). "A decisional balance measure for predicting smoking cessation." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 48: 1279-1289.

Wilcox, N. S., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1985). "Client characteristics as predictors of self-change in smoking cessation." Addictive Behaviors 10: 407-412.

Prochaska, J. M., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1985). "Children's views of the causes and cures for sibling rivalry." Child Welfare 44: 427-433.

Velicer, W. F., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1985). "Decisional balance measure for assessing and predicting smoking status." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 48(5): 1279-1289.

Norcross, J. C., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1985). "The Levels of Attribution and Change (LAC) Scale: Development and measurement." Cognitive Therapy and Research 9(6): 631-649.

Prochaska, J. O., C. C. DiClemente, et al. (1985). "Predicting change in smoking status for self-changers." Addictive Behaviors 10: 395-406.

DiClemente, C. C. and J. O. Prochaska (1985). Processes and stages of self-change: Coping and competence in smoking behavior change. Coping and Substance Use. S. Shiffman and T. A. Wills. New York, Academic Press.

DiClemente, C. C., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1985). "Self-efficacy and the stages of self change of smoking." Cognitive Therapy and Research 9(2): 181-200.

Wilcox, N. S., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1985). "Subject characteristics as predictors of self-change in smoking." Addictive Behaviors 10: 407-412.

Norcross, J. C., J. Nash, et al. (1985). "Psychologists in part-time independent practice: Description and comparison." Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 16: 565-575.

Prochaska, J. O. and C. C. DiClemente (1986). The transtheoretical approach. Handbook of Eclectic Psychotherapy. J. Norcross. New York, Brunner/Mazel: 163-200.

Prochaska, J. O., C. C. DiClemente, et al. (1986). "Integrative dimensions for psychotherapy." International Journal of Eclectic Psychotherapy 5(3): 256-274.

Norcross, J. C. and J. O. Prochaska (1986). "Psychotherapist heal thyself: I. The self-initiated and therapy-facilitated change of psychological distress." Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice 23: 345-356.

Norcross, J. C. and J. O. Prochaska (1986). "Psychotherapists heal thyself: II. The self-initiated and therapy-facilitated change of psychological distress." Psychotherapy 23: 345-356.

Prochaska, J. O. and C. C. DiClemente (1986). Toward a comprehensive model of change. Addictive Behaviors: Processes of Change. W. R. Miller and N. Heather. New York, Plenum Press: 3-27.

Norcross, J., L. Beutler, et al. (1986). "Training integrative/eclectic psychotherapists." International Journal of Eclectic Psychotherapy 5: 71-94.

Norcross, J. C., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1986). "Self-change of psychological distress: Laypersons' vs. psychologists' coping strategies." Journal of Clinical Psychology 42: 834-840.

Prochaska, J. O. (1986). Commentary: Making more use of our models. Casebook of Eclectic Psychotherapy. J. Norcross. New York, Brunner/Mazel.

Prochaska, J. O. (1986). "Patterns of change in smoking behavior." Health Psychology 5: 97-98.

Prochaska, J. O. (1986). From prescription to integration. Key Cases in Psychotherapy. W. Dryden. London, Croom-Helm, Ltd.

Prochaska, J. O., J. M. Nash, et al. (1986). "Independent psychological practice: A national survey of full-time practitioners." Psychotherapy in Private Practice 4: 57-66.

Prochaska, J. O. and J. C. Norcross (1986). "Exploring paths toward integration: 10 ways not to get there." International Journal of Eclectic Psychotherapy 5: 136-139.

Wilcox, N. S., J. S. Rossi, et al. (1986). "Rates and responses of distressed women to phone survey screening and recruitment." Psychological Reports 58: 891-898.

Stern, R.A., Prochaska, J.O., Velicer, W.F., Elder, J.P.  (1987). "Stages of adolescent cigarette smoking acquisition: Measurement and sample profiles." Addictive Behaviors 12: 319-329.

Prochaska, J. O. (1987). "Reflections on psychotherapy in Poland." Journal of Integrative and Eclectic Psychotherapy 6: 95-97.

Prochaska, J. O. (1987). "Training integrative marital therapists." Journal of Integrative and Eclectic Psychotherapy.

Medeiros, M. E. and J. O. Prochaska (1988). "Coping strategies that psychotherapists use in working with stressful clients." Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 19(1): 112-114.

Rossi, J. S., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1988). A cluster-analytic approach to defining light and heavy smoking. American Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.

Rossi, J.S., Prochaska, J.O., DiClemente, C.C.  (1988). "Processes of change in heavy and light smokers." Journal of Substance Abuse 1: 1-9.

Rossi, J. S., L. L. Harlow, et al. (1988). Factor structure of the Reasons for Smoking Scale. American Psychological Association, Altanta, GA.

Prochaska, J. O., W. F. Velicer, et al. (1988). "Measuring processes of change: Applications to the cessation of smoking." Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 56(4): 520-528.

Norcross, J. C. and J. O. Prochaska (1988). "A study of eclectic (and integrative) views revisited." Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 19: 170-174.

McConnaughy, E., C. DiClemente, et al. (1989). "Stages of change in psychotherapy: A follow-up report." Psychotherapy 26: 494-503.

Redding, C. A., J. S. Rossi, et al. (1989). Pros and cons of safer sex: A measurement model. American Psychological Association., New Orleans, LA.

Cohen, S., E. Lichtenstein, et al. (1989). "Debunking myths about self-quitting: Evidence from ten prospective studies of persons who attempt to quit smoking by themselves." American Psychologist 44(11): 1355-1365.

Rossi, S. R., J. S. Rossi, et al. (1989). Beyond maintenance: A termination stage for smoking cessation. The Eastern Psychological Association, Boston, MA.

Bellis, J. M., J. S. Rossi, et al. (1989). A measurement model for relapse ideology. Eastern Psychological Association, Boston, MA.

Prochaska, J. O. (1989). What causes people to change from unhealthy to health enhancing behavior? Human Behavior and Cancer Risk Reduction: Overview and Report of a Conference on Unmet Research Needs. C. C. Cummins and J. D. Floyd. Atlanta, GA, American Cancer Society: 30-34.

Fitzgerald, T. E., J. S. Rossi, et al. (1989). Static and process models of self-change of smoking behavior. American Psychological Association.

Bellis, J. M., S. R. Rossi, et al. (1989). A relapse ideology measurement model: Structural invariance over time and samples. American Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.

Mahoney, M. J., J. C. Norcross, et al. (1989). "Psychological development and optimal psychotherapy: Converging perspectives among clinical psychologists." Journal of Integrative and Eclectic Psychotherapy 8: 251-263.

Norcross, J. C., K. M. Gallagher, et al. (1989). "The Boulder and/or Vail Model: Training preferences of clinical psychologists." Journal of Clinical Psychology 45(5): 822-828.

Norcross, J. C., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1989). "Clinical psychologists in the 1980's: I. Demographics, affiliations, and satisfications." The Clinical Psychologist 42: 29-39.

Norcross, J. C., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1989). "Clinical psychologists in the 1980's: II. Theory, Research and Practice." The Clinical Psychologist 42: 45-53.

Redding, C. A., J. S. Rossi, et al. (1989). "Dynamic factors in the maintenance of smoking cessation: A naturalistic study." .

Snow, M. G., J. S. Fossi, et al. (1989). Concurrent substance usage amongst light, intermediate, and heavy smokers. Society of Behavioral Medicine, San Francisco.

Fitzgerald, T. E. and J. O. Prochaska (1990). "Nonprogressing profiles in smoking cessation: What keeps people refractory to self-change?" Journal of Substance Abuse 2: 87-105.

Hughes, S., W. Velicer, et al. (1990). The application of cluster analysis to smoking cessation research. American Psychological Association, Boston, MA.

Velicer, W. F., C. C. DiClemente, et al. (1990). "Relapse situations and self-efficacy: An integrative model." Addictive Behaviors 15: 271-283.

Rossi, J. S., N. S. Wilcox, et al. (1990). "Levels of attribution in psychotherapy." British Journal of Clinical Psychology Submitted for publication.

Prochaska, J. O., L. L. Harlow, et al. (1990). Models of behavior change for condom use: Preliminary analyses in an AIDS- risking community sample (Technical Report). Kingston, RI, University of Rhode Island, Cancer Prevention Research Center.

Bellis, J. M., J. S. Rossi, et al. (1990). Structural invariance of the processes of change. American Psychological Association, Boston, MA.

Bozman, A., C. C. DiClemente, et al. (1990). "Weight gain and the stages of smoking cessation." .

Rossi, S. R., J. S. Rossi, et al. (1990). Dietary fat reduction among smokers and ex-smokers. World Conference onTobacco and Health, Perth, Australia.

Beitman, B., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1990). "An integrative dialog." Journal of Integrative and Eclectic Psychotherapy.

Prochaska, J. (1990). The devolution of psychotherapy. Review of the Evolution of Psychotherapy, Contemporary Psychology. J. Zeig.

Prochaska, J. (1990). "Six authors in search of an owner." Journal of Integrative and Eclectic Psychotherapy.

Prochaska, J. O., J. S. Rossi, et al. (1990). A comparison of four minimal interventions for smoking cessation: An outcome evaluation. World Conference on Tobacco and Health, Perth, Australia.

Rossi, S. R., J. S. Rossi, et al. (1990, August). A stage model for reducing dietary fat. American Psychological Association, Boston, MA.

DiClemente, C. C., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1991). "The process of smoking cessation: An analysis of precontemplation, contemplation, and preparation stages of change." Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 59: 295-304.

Prochaska, J. O. and M. G. Goldstein (1991). "Process of smoking cessation: Implications for clinicians." Clinics in Chest Medicine 12: 727-735.

Prochaska, J. O., J. S. Rossi, et al. (1991). "Change processes and psychotherapy outcome in integrative case research." Journal of Psychotherapy Integration 1: 103-119.

Prochaska, J. O., W. F. Velicer, et al. (1991). "Patterns of change: Dynamic typology applied to smoking cessation." Multivariate Behavioral Research 26: 83-107.

Prochaska, J. O. (1991). "Assessing how people change." Cancer 67: 805-807.

Prochaska, J. A. (1991). "Prescribing to the stage and level of phobic patients." Psychotherapy 28(3): 463-468.

Fava, J. L., J. S. Rossi, et al. (1991). Structural confirmation of short form instruments for the transtheorectical model. American Psychological Association, San Francisco, CA.

Norcross, J.C., Prochaska, J.O., Hambrecht, M.  (1991). "Treating ourselves vs. treating our clients: A replication with alcohol abuse." Journal of Substance Abuse 3: 123-129.

Rossi, S. R., J. S. Rossi, et al. (1991). Processes of change for weight control: A follow-up study. American Psychological Association, San Francisco, CA.

Kristeller, J.L., Rossi, J.S., Ockene, J.K., Goldberg, R., Prochaska, J.O.   (1992). "Processes of change in smoking cessation: A cross-validation study in cardiac patients." Journal of Substance Abuse 4: 263-276.

Prochaska, J. O. and C. C. DiClemente (1992). Stages of Change in the Modification of Problem Behaviors. Newbury Park, CA, Sage.

Prochaska, J. O., L. L. Harlow, et al. (1992). Stages of change, self-efficacy, and decisional balance of condom use in a high HIV-risk sample, Submitted for Publication.

Rakowski, W., Dube, C., Marcus, B.H., Prochaska, J.O., Velicer, W.F., & Abrams, D.B.  (1992). "Assessing elements of women's decision about mammography." Health Psychology 11: 111-118.

Rossi, S. R., J. S. Rossi, et al. (1992). "Application of the transtheoretical model of behavior change to dietary fat, (Abstract)." International Journal of Psychology 27: 628.

Grimley, D., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1992). Application of the transtheoretical model to contraceptive and condom use in high-risk women (Technical Report).

Velicer, W.F., Prochaska, J.O., Rossi, J.S., Snow, M.  (1992). "Assessing outcome in smoking cessation studies." Psychological Bulletin 111(1): 23-41.

Prochaska, J.O., Norcross, J.C., Fowler, J., Follock, M.J., Abrams, D.B.   (1992). "Attendance & outcome in a worksite weight control program: Processes and stages of change as process and predictor variables." Addictive Beh. 17: 35-45.

Prochaska, J. O., C. C. DiClemente, et al. (1992). "Comments on Davidson's 'Prochaska and DiClemente's model of change: A case study?" British Journal of Addiction 87: 825-828.

Velicer, W. F., S. L. Hughes, et al. (1992). "An empirical Typology of subjects within stages of change (Abstract)." International Journal of Psychology 27: 623.

Prochaska, J. O. (1992). "Helping patients at every stage of change." Behavioral Approaches to Addiction Journal 1(1): 2-7.

Pallonen, U.E., Fava, J.L., Salonen, J.T., & Prochaska, J.O.   (1992). "Readiness for smoking change among middle-aged Finnish men." Addictive Behaviors 17: 415-423.

Snow, M.G., Prochaska, J.O., & Rossi, J.S.  (1992). "Stages of change for smoking cessation among former problem drinkers: A cross-sectional analysis." J. Sub. Abuse 4: 107-116.

Prochaska, J. O. (1992). A transtheoretical model of behavior change: Implications for diet interventions. In Promoting Dietary Change in Communities: Applying Existing Models of Dietary Change to Population-Based Interventions. M. M. Henderson, D. J. Bowen and K. K. DeRoss. Seattle, WA, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center: 37-49.

Prochaska, J. O. (1992). Transtheoretical therapy: An eclectic and integrative approach. Chapter submitted.

Prochaska, J. O. (1992). A transtheoretical model of behavior change: Learning from mistakes with majority populations. Health Behavior Research in Minority Populations: Access, Design, and Implementation. D. M. Becker, D. Robin Hill, J. S. Jacksonet al. Rockville, MD, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health: 105-111.

Prochaska, J.O., DiClemente, C.C., & Norcross, J.  (1992). "In search of how people change: Applications to addictive behaviors." American Psychologist 47: 1102-1114.

Prochaska, J. O., C. C. DiClemente, et al. (1992). In search of the structure of change. Self Change: Social Psychological and Clinical Perspectives. Y. Klar, J. D. Fisher, J. M. Chinsky and A. Nadler. New York, NY, Springer-Verlag: 87-114.

Prochaska, J. O. (1993). "Working in harmony with how people change naturally." The Weight Control Digest 3: 249, 252-255.

Prochaska, J.O., DiClemente, C.C., Velicer, W.F., & Rossi, J.S.  (1993). "Standardized, individualized, interactive, and personalized self-help programs for smoking cessation." Health Psychology 12: 399-405.

Ruggiero, L. and J. O. Prochaska (1993). "Readiness for change: Application of the transtheoretical model to diabetes." Diabetes Spectrum 6: 21-60.

Velicer, W. F., J. S. Rossi, et al. (1993). Minimal interventions appropriate for an entire population of smokers. Interventions for Smokers: An International Perspective. R. Richmond. NY, Williams & Wilkins: 69-94.

Grimley, D. M., G. E. Prochaska, et al. (1993). "Condom use assertiveness and the stages of change with main and other partners." Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research 1(2): 152-173.

Velicer, W.F., Prochaska, J.O., Bellis, J., DiClemente, C.C., Rossi, J.S., Fava, J.L., & Steiger, J.H.  (1993). "An expert system intervention for smoking cessation." Addictive Behaviors 18: 269-290.

Grimley, D.M., Riley, G.E., Bellis, J.M., & Prochaska, J.O.   (1993). "Assessing the stages of change and decision-making for contraceptive use for the prevention of pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome." Health Education Quarterly 20(4): 455-470.

Prochaska, J. O., J. S. Rossi, et al. (1993). Measurement structure of a Decisional Balance Questionaire for Dietary Fat Reduction. American Psychological Association, Toronto, Canada.

Medeiros, M. E. and J. O. Prochaska (1993). "Predicting termination and continuation status in psychotherapy using the transtheoretical model." Professional Psychology: Research and Practice Submitted for Review.

Prokhorov, A. V., W. F. Velicer, et al. (1993). "The transtheoretical model of change: A guide for behavioral treatment." Psychological Aspects Submitted for Publication.

Prochaska, J. O. (1993). "I think we can." Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 24(3): 250-251.

Norcross, J. C., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1993). "Psychologists conducting psychotherapy: New findings and historical comparisons on the psychotherapy division membership." Psychotherapy 30(4): 692-697.

Tsoh, J. Y., J. S. Rossi, et al. (1993). Predictors of clients' perceived value of drug addiction treatment. American Psychological Association, Toronto, Canada.

Riley, G. E., D. M. Grimley, et al. (1993). Self-efficacy for contraceptive and condom use in women at risk for HIV infection or transmission. American Psychological Association, Toronto, Canada.

Snow, M. G., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1993). Stages within maintenance: Is termination a possiblity for alcohol problems? American Psychological Association, Toronto, CA.

Rossi, J. S., D. Rosenbloom, et al. (1993). Transtheoretical model of behavior change for cocaine use. American Psychological Association, Toronto, Canada.

Rossi, S. R., G. W. Greene, et al. (1993). A comparison of four stage of change algorithms for dietary fat reduction. Society for Behavioral Medicine, San Francisco, CA.

Prochaska, J. O. and e. a. ? (1993). "Stages of change for dietary fat reduction to 30% of calories or less." .

Rossi, J. S., D. Rosenbloom, et al. (1993). "Stages of change and the pros and cons of quitting cocaine." .

Prochaska, J.O., Velicer, W.F., Rossi, J.S., Goldstein, M.G., Marcus, B., Rakowski, W., Fiore, C., Harlow, L.L., Redding, C.A., Rosenbloom, D., & Rossi, S.R.  (1994). "Stages of change and decisional balance for 12 problem behaviors." Health Psychology 13: 39-46.

Prochaska, J. O. (1994). "Strong and weak principles for progressing from precontemplation to action on the basis of twelve problem behaviors." Health Psychology 13: 47-51.

Prochaska, J. O., J. C. Norcross, et al. (1994). Changing for Good. NY, William Morrow and Company, Inc.
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Prochaska, J.O., Redding, C.A., Harlow, L.L., Rossi, J.S., & Velicer, W.F.  (1994). "The transtheoretical model of change and HIV prevention: A review." Health Education Quarterly 21: 471-486.

Snow, M.G., Prochaska, J.O., Rossi, J.S.  (1994). "Processes of change in Alcoholics Anonymous: Maintenance factors in long-term sobriety." Journal of Studies on Alcohol 55: 362-371.

Rossi, S. R., J. S. Rossi, et al. (1994). "A processes of change model for weight control for participants in community-based weight loss programs." The International Journal of the Addictions 29(2): 161-177.

Laforge, R. G., G. W. Greene, et al. (1994). "Psycho-social factors influencing low fruit and vegetable consumption." Journal of Behavioral Medicine 17(4): 361-374.

Greene, G.W., Rossi, S.R., Richards, G., Reed, G., Wille, C., & Prochaska, J.O.  (1994). "Stages of change for reducing dietary fat to 30% of energy or less." Journal of the American Dietetic Association 94: 1105-1110.

Grimley, D., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1994). The transtheoretical model of change. Changing the Self: Philosophies, Techniques, and Experiences. T. M. Brinthaupt and R. P. Lipka. Albany, NY, State University of New York Press: 201-227.

Pallonen, U. E., L. Leskinen, et al. (1994). "A Two-year self-help smoking cessation manual intervention among middle-aged Finnish men: An application of the trantheoretical model." Preventive Medicine 23: 507-514.

Prochaska, J. O. (1994). "Why do we behave the way we do?" Canadian Journal of Cardiology 11: 20A-25A.

Rossi, S. R., G. W. Greene, et al. (1994). Development of a self-efficacy questionnaire for dietary fat reduction. Society for Behavioral Medicine, Boston, MA.

Fava, J. L., J. S. Rossi, et al. (1994). Progress toward cessation for smokers in precontemplation. Society of Behavioral Medicine, Boston, MA.

Rossi, S. R., G. W. Greene, et al. (1994). Continued investigation of a process of change measure for dietary fat reduction. Society for Behavioral Medicine, Boston, MA.

Rossi, S. R., G. W. Greene, et al. (1994). Cross validation of a decisional balance measure for dietary fat reduction. Society for Behavioral Medicine.

Harlow, L. L., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1995). Stages of condom use in a high HIV-risk sample, Submitted for Publication.

Velicer, W.F., Hughes, S., Fava, J.L., Prochaska, J.O., & DiClemente, C.C.  (1995). "An empirical typology of subjects within stage of change." Addictive Behaviors 20: 299-320.

Rossi, J. S., S. R. Rossi, et al. (1995). Motivational readiness to control weight. Handbook of Assessment Methods for Eating Behaviors and Weight-Related Problems: Measurement, Theory, and Research. D. B. Allison. Thousand Oaks, CA, Sage: 387-430.

Fava, J.L., Velicer, W.F., & Prochaska, J.O.  (1995). "Applying the transtheoretical model to a representative sample of smokers." Addictive Behaviors 20: 189-203.

Prochaska, J. O. (1995). "Common problems: Common solutions." Clin Psychol Sci Prac 2: 101-105.

Velicer, W. F., J. L. Fava, et al. (1995). "Distribution of smokers by stage in three representative samples." Preventive Medicine 24: 401-411.

Prochaska, J. O. and B. H. Marcus (1995). The transtheoretical model: Applications to exercise. Exercise Adherence II. R. Dishman. Illinois, Human Kinetics Press.

Grimley, D. M., R. J. DiClemente, et al. (1995). "Preventing adolescent pregnancy, STD and HIV: A promising new approach." FLEducator: 7-15.

Prochaska, J. O. (1995). Psychology of smoking cessation programs: Lessons from "Pathways to Change". Progress with Nicotine Replacement Products for Smoking Cessation: Perspectives on Newer Products and Controversial Issues, Scientific Therapeutics Information, Inc.

Prokhorov, A. V., U. E. Pallonen, et al. (1995). Readiness to change smoking behavior in different social environments. Tobacco and Health. K. Slama. New York, Plenum Press: 639-642.

Galavotti, C., Cabral, R.J., Cansky, A., Grimley, D.M., Riley, G., & Prochaska, J.O.  (1995). "Validation of measures of condom and other contraceptive use among women at high risk for HIV infection and unintended pregnancy." Health Psychology 14(6): 570-578.

Fava, J. L., W. F. Velicer, et al. (1995). Characteristics of smokers who refused participation in a longitudinal study. Society of Behavioral Medicine, San Diego, CA.

Grimley, D.M., Prochaska, J.O., Velicer, W.F., Prochaska, G.E.   (1995). "Contraceptive and condom use adoption and maintenance: A stage paradigm approach." Health Education Quarterly 22(1): 20-35.

Prochaska, J. O. and W. F. Velicer (1996). "On models, methods and premature conclusions." Addiction 91: 1281-1283.

Ruggiero, L., J. M. Dryfoos, et al. (1996). Facing the challenge of changing multiple health behaviors: Diabetes self-management. Society of Behavioral Medicine., Washington, D.C.

Velicer, W.F., Rossi, J.S., & Prochaska, J.O.  (1996). "A criterion measurement model for health behavior change." Addictive Behaviors 21: 555-584.

Norman, G. J., W. F. Velicer, et al. (1996). Cluster subtypes within stage of change in a representative sample of smokers. International Conference of Behavioral Medicine.

Prochaska, J. O. and W. F. Velicer (1996). "Comments on Farkas et al.'s "Addiction versus stages of change models in predicting smoking cessation"." Addiction 91(9): 1281-1292.

Grimley, D.M., Prochaska, G.E., Velicer, W.F., Galavotti, C., Cabral, R.J., & Lansky, A.  (1996). "Cross-validation of measures assessing decisional balance and self-efficacy for condom use." American Journal of Health Behavior 20(6): 406-416.

Willey, C., R. Laforge, et al. (1996). "Public health and the science of behavior change." Current Issues in Public Health 2: 18-25.

Prochaska, J. O. (1996). "A stage paradigm for integrating clinical and public health approaches to smoking cessation." Addictive Behaviors 21(6): 721-732.

Fava, J. L., W. F. Velicer, et al. (1996). Processes of change, stage of change, and smoking prevalence. International Congress of Behavioral Medicine, Washington, DC.

Fava, J. L., G. J. Norman, et al. (1996). Subtype validation within the contemplation stage of change. International Congress of Behavioral Medicine, Washington, DC.

Abrams, D. B., C. T. Orleans, et al. (1996). "Integrating individual and public health perspectives for treatment of tobacco dependence under managed health care: A combined stepped-care and matching model." Annals of Behavioral Medicine 18(4): 290-304.

Ruggiero, L., R. Glasgow, et al. (1997). "Diabetes self-management: Self-reported recommendations and patterns in a large population." Diabetes Care 20: 568-576.

Ruggiero, L., J. Rossi, et al. (1997). "Smoking and diabetes: Readiness for change, and provider advice." Submitted for publication.

Prochaska, J. O., W. F. Velicer, et al. (1997). "Counselor and stimulus control enhancement of a stage-matched expert system intervention for smokers in a managed care setting." .

Norcross, J. C., R. S. Karg, et al. (1997). "Clinical psychologists and managed care: Some data from the division 12 membership." The Clinical Psychologist 50(1): 4-8.

Velicer, W. F., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1997). "Interactive versus non-interactive interventions and dose-response relationships for stage matched smoking cessation programs in a managed care setting." .

Prochaska, J. O., W. F. Velicer, et al. (1997). "A stage-matched expert system intervention for a total population of smokers." .

Prochaska, J. M. and J. O. Prochaska (1997). "A transtheoretical approach to changing organizations." .

Grimley, D. M., G. E. Prochaska, et al. (1997). "Condom use adoption and continuation: A transtheoretical approach." Health Education Research: Theory & Practice 12(1): 61-75.

Johnson, S.S., Grimley, D.M., & Prochaska, J.O.  (1998).  Prediction of adherence using the Transtheoretical Model:  Implications for pharmacy care practice.   Journal of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 15(3), 135-148.

Norman, G.J., Velicer, W.F., Fava, J.L., & Prochaska, J.O.   (1998). "Dynamic typology clustering with the stages of change for smoking cessation." Addictive Behaviors 23: 139-153.

Pallonen, U. E., W. F. Velicer, et al. (1998). "Computer-based smoking cessation interventions in adolescents: Descripton, feasibility, and six-month follow-up findings." Substance Use & Misuse 33: 935-965.

Pallonen, U.E., Prochaska, J.O., Velicer, W.F., Prokhorov, A.V., & Smith, N.  (1998). "Stages of acquisition and cessation for adolescent smoking: An empirical integration." Addictive Behaviors 23(3): 303-324.

Nigg, C. R., P. Burbank, et al. (1998). "Stages of change across ten health risk behaviors for older adults." Gerontologist Submitted for Publication.

Tsoh, J. Y., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1998). "Coercion, stages of change, and decision balance among patients in substance abuse treatment." Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology Under Review.

Velicer, W.F., Pallonen, U.E., & Prochaska, J.O. (1998).   Expertensysteme zur Tabakpravention und Rauchentwohnung im Jugendalter.   (Expert system interventions for smoking cessation and prevention.)  In P.Kolip (ed.), Programme gegen Sucht.  Internationale Ansaetze zur Suchtpraevention im Jugendalter.  Weinheim, Germany: Juventa. (pp. 235-247)

Plummer, B. A., A. Bolour, et al. (?). Attitudes toward computers and expert system technologies for individualized smoking cessation programs.

Velicer, W. F, Prochaska, J. O., Fava, J. L., Norman, G. J., & Redding, C. A. (1998) Smoking cessation and stress management: Applications of the Transtheoretical Model of behavior change. Homeostasis, 38, 216-233.

Greene, G. W., S. R. Rossi, et al. (1998). "Efficacy of an expert system intervention for dietary fat reduction." Preventive Medicine Submitted for Publication.

Prochaska, J. O. (?). Revolution in health promotion: Smoking cessation as a case study: 361-375.

Rimer, B. K., W. Auslander, et al. (?). The role of theory in health behavior research in minority populations: 181-188.

Prochaska, J. M. and J. O. Prochaska (?). "A stage paradigm for changing organizations." .

Prochaska, J. O. (?). "Stages of change approach to treating addictions with special focus on DWI offenders." .

Velicer, W. F., H. S. L., et al. (?). Targeting within-stage of change in smoking cessation research: Precontemplation subtypes.

Grimley, D. M., R. J. DiClemente, et al. (in press). "Application of the transtheoretical model to preventing pregnancy, STDs, and HIV among adolescents." Family Life Educator.

Prochaska, J. O. (in press). A transtheoretical model of behavior change. Health Behavior and Health Education: Theory, Research and Practice. K. Glanz, F. M. Lewis and B. K. Rimer, Jossey-Bass Publications, Inc.

Prochaska, J. O. and J. M. Prochaska (in press). A transtheoretical model of change for addictive behaviors. Psychological Treatments of Addicitive Behaviors. M. Gossop and M. Casas. Barcelona, Spain, Cevron.

Prochaska, J. O. and J. M. Prochaska (in press). Why don't continents move? Why Don't People Change? New Perspectives on Resistance and Noncompliance. H. Arkowitz. New York, Guilford Press.

Prochaska, J. O., S. Johnson, et al. (in press). The transtheoretical model of behavior change. The Handbook of Health Behavior Change. S. A. Shumaker, E. Schron and J. K. Okene. New York, Springer Publishers.

Prochaska, J. O. and W. F. Velicer (in press). "The transtheoretical model of health behavior change." American Journal of Health Promotion.

Laforge, R. G., J. S. Rossi, et al. (in press). "Stage of regular exercise and health-related quality of life." Preventive Medicine.

Velicer, W.F., Norman, G. J., Fava, J. L., & Prochaska, J. O. (1999). Testing 40 predictions from the Transtheoretical Model. Addictive Behaviors, 24, 455-469.