Site Map    |    CPRC Homepage   |   URI Homepage  

Cancer Prevention Research Center 
Publications

About CPRC
Faculty, Staff & Students
Resources & Environment
Survey Center
Job Opportunities
CPRC News
Contact CPRC

Transtheoretical Model
Publications
Research Area
Smoking
Measures
Interventions
Projects
Links

"CPRC - A research organization dedicated to helping people change their behavior for living longer, healthier lives"

Smoking

Abrams, D. B. (1991). Conceptual models to integrate individual and public health interventions: The example of the workplace. Proceedings of the International Conference on Promoting Dietary Change in Communities. M. Henderson. Seattle, WA, The Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center.

Abrams, D. B. and L. Beiner (1992). "Motivational characteristics of smokers at the workplace: A public health challenge." Preventive Medicine 21: 679-687.

Abrams, D. B., C. T. Orleans, et al. (1996). "Integrating individual and public health perspectives for treatment of tobacco dependence under managed health care: A combined stepped-care and matching model." Annals of Behavioral Medicine 18(4): 290-304.

Abrams, D.B., Orleans, C.T., Niaura, R.N., Goldstein, M.G., Velicer, W.F., & Prochaska, J.O. (1994). Smoking treatment issues: Towards a stepped care approach. Tobacco Control, 2 (suppl), 517-537.

Batten, L., S. High, et al. (1998). "Profiling smoking in early pregnancy: Integrating the Transtheoretical model with social and economic circumstances." British Medical Journal Under Review.

Bock, B.C., Marcus, B.H., Rossi, J.S., & Redding, C.A. (1998). Motivational readiness for change: Diet, exercise, and smoking. American Journal of Health Behavior, 22, 248-258.

Bozman, A., C. C. DiClemente, et al. (1990). "Weight gain and the stages of smoking cessation." .

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (1993). "Cigarette smoking - attributional mortality and years of potential life lost - United States, 1990." Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 43: 894-899.

Cohen, S., E. Lichtenstein, et al. (1989). "Debunking myths about self-quitting: Evidence from ten prospective studies of persons who attempt to quit smoking by themselves." American Psychologist 44(11): 1355-1365.

DiClemente, C. C. (1981). "Self-efficacy and smoking cessation maintenance." Cognitive Therapy and Research 5: 175-187.

DiClemente, C. C. and J. O. Prochaska (1982). "Self-change and therapy change of smoking behavior: A comparison of processes of change in cessation and maintenance." Addictive Behaviors 7: 133-142.

DiClemente, C. C. and J. O. Prochaska (1985). Processes and stages of self-change: Coping and competence in smoking behavior change. Coping and Substance Use. S. Shiffman and T. A. Wills. New York, Academic Press.

DiClemente, C. C., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1985). "Self-efficacy and the stages of self change of smoking." Cognitive Therapy and Research 9(2): 181-200.

DiClemente, C. C., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1991). "The process of smoking cessation: An analysis of precontemplation, contemplation, and preparation stages of change." Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 59: 295-304.

DiClemente, C. C. (Draft). "Self-efficacy and smoking cessation maintenance: A preliminary report."

Dryfoos, J., S. Kingston, et al. (1993). Psychosocial differences between underserved pregnant smokers and self-initiated pregnant quitters. Phycho-Oncology V: Psychosocial factors in cancer risk and survival, New York, NY.

Eaton, C., M. G. Goldstein, et al. (1992). Development of a decisional balance measure of physician smoking cessation intervention, Unpublished manuscript.

Elder, J. P., C. De Moor, et al. (1990). "Stages of adolescent tobacco-use acquisition." Addictive Beh. 15: 449-454.

Emmons, K. M., D. B. Abrams, et al. (1992). "Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke in naturalistic settings." American Journal of Public Health 82: 24-28.

Emmons, K. M. and M. G. Goldstein (1992). "Smokers who are hospitalized: A window of opportunity for cessation interventions." Preventive Medicine 21: 262-269.

Emmons, K. M., B. H. Marcus, et al. (1993). "The relationship between smoking, physical activity, and nutrition behaviors among manufacturing workers." American Journal of Public Health Submitted for Publication.

Emmons, K. M., B. H. Marcus, et al. (1994). "Mechanisms in multiple risk factor interventions: smoking, physical activity, and dietary fat intake among manufacturing workers." Preventive Medicine 23: 481-489.

Fagerstrom, K. O. (1978). "Measuring degrees of physical dependence to tobacco smoking with reference to individualization of treatment." Addictive Behaviors 3: 235-241.

Fagerstrom, K. O. and N. G. Schneider (1989). "Measuring nicotine dependence: A review of the Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire." Journal of Behavioral Medicine 12: 159-182.

Farkas, A. J., J. P. Pierce, et al. (1996). "Addiction versus stages of change models in predicting smoking cessation." Addiction 91: 1271-1280.

Fava, J. L., L. Ruggiero, et al. (1993). Stress, coping and dynamic indicators of smoking status. Society of Behavioral Medicine, San Francisco, CA.

Fava, J. L., J. S. Rossi, et al. (1994). Progress toward cessation for smokers in precontemplation. Society of Behavioral Medicine, Boston, MA.

Fava, J. L. and W. F. Velicer (1994). A comparison of two methods of assessing stage of change for smoking cessation. Society of Behavioral Medicine, Boston, MA.

Fava, J. L., W. F. Velicer, et al. (1995). "Applying the Transtheoretical model to a representative sample of smokers." Addictive Behaviors 20: 189-203.

Fava, J. L., W. F. Velicer, et al. (1995). Characteristics of smokers who refused participation in a longitudinal study. Society of Behavioral Medicine, San Diego, CA.

Fava, J. L., W. F. Velicer, et al. (1996). Processes of change, stage of change, and smoking prevalence. International Congress of Behavioral Medicine, Washington, DC.

Fielding, J. E. (1985). "Smoking: Health effects and control." New England Journal of Medicine 313: 491-498.

Fisher, E. B. (1996). "Prediction, causation, description, and natural history of smoking cessation." Addictions 91: 1285-1287.

Fitzgerald, T. E., J. S. Rossi, et al. (1989). Static and process models of self-change of smoking behavior. American Psychological Association.

Fitzgerald, T. E. and J. O. Prochaska (1990). "Nonprogressing profiles in smoking cessation: What keeps people refractory to self-change?" Journal of Substance Abuse 2: 87-105.

Goldstein, M. G., R. Niaura, et al. (1997). "Physicians counseling smokers: A population-based survey of patients' perceptions of health care provider-delivered smoking cessation interventions." Archive of Internal Medicine 157: 1313-1319.

Hughes, S., W. Velicer, et al. (1990). The application of cluster analysis to smoking cessation research. American Psychological Association, Boston, MA.

Johnson, J. D., P. M. O'Malley, et al. (1992). Smoking, drinking, and illicit drug use among American secondary school students, college students, and young adults, 1975-1991 (Vol. 2). Washington, D.C., National Institute on Drug Abuse.

Keller, S., Nigg, C., Jškle, C., Baum, E. & Basler, H.-D. (1999). Self-efficacy, decisional balance and the stages of change for smoking cessation in a German sample. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 58(2), 101-110.

Killen, J. D., S. P. Fortmann, et al. (1992). "Who will relapse? Symptoms of nicotine dependence predict long-term relapse after smoking cessation." Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 60: 797-801.

Killen, J. D., S. P. Fortmann, et al. (1996). "Interactive effects of depression symptoms, nicotine dependence and weight change on late smoking relapse." Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 64: 1060-1067.

Kristeller, J. L., J. S. Rossi, et al. (1992). "Processes of change in smoking cessation: A cross-validation study in cardiac patients."Journal of Substance Abuse 4: 263-276.

Laforge, R. G., W. F. Velicer, et al. (1996). "Measuring support for tobacco control policy in six countries (Draft)." .

Lando, H. A., P. L. Pirie, et al. (1991). "Surveys of smoking patterns, attitudes and interest in quitting." American Journal of Preventive Medicine 7: 18-23.

Lichtenstein, E., S. Weiss, et al. (l986). "Patterns of smoking relapse." Health Psychology 5: 29-40.

Martin, R. A., W. F. Velicer, et al. (1995). "Latent transition analysis applied to the stages of change for smoking cessation." Addictive Behaviors 20: 67-80.

Massachusetts Medical Society (1977). "State-specific prevalence of cigarette smoking among adults, and children's and adolescent's exposure to environmental tobacco smoke - United States, 1996." Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) 46: 1038-1043.

McMahon, S. D., C. King, et al. (1998). "Worksite smoking cessation interventions: A future direction." American Journal of Health Promotion Submitted for Publication.

Murray, D. M., A. V. Prokhorov, et al. (1994). "Effects of a statewide antismoking campaign on mass media messages and smoking beliefs." Preventive Medicine 23: 54-60.

Norman, G. J., W. F. Velicer, et al. (1996). Cluster subtypes within stage of change in a representative sample of smokers. International Conference of Behavioral Medicine.

Norman, G. J., W. F. Velicer, et al. (1998). "Dynamic typology clustering with the stages of change for smoking cessation." Addictive Behaviors 23: 139-153.

Padula, C. and C. Willey (1993). "Tobacco withdrawal in CCU patients." Applied Nursing Research 12(6): 305-312.

Pallonen, U.E. (1998). Transtheoretical measures for adolescent and adult smokers: Similarities and differences. Preventive Medicine, 27, A29-A38.

Pallonen, U. E., R. V. Luepker, et al. (1989). "Validity of telephone surveys in assessing cigarette smoking in young adults." American Journal of Public Health 79: 202-204.

Pallonen, U. E., D. M. Murray, et al. (1990). "Patterns of self-initiated smoking cessation among young adults." Health Psychology 9(4): 418-426.

Pallonen, U. E., J. L. Fava, et al. (1992). "Readiness for smoking change among middle-aged Finnish men." Addictive Behaviors 17: 415-423.

Pallonen, U. E., L. Leskinen, et al. (1994). "A Two-year self-help smoking cessation manual intervention among middle-aged Finnish men: An application of the trantheoretical model." Preventive Medicine 23: 507-514.

Pallonen, U. E., W. F. Velicer, et al. (1998). "Computer-based smoking cessation interventions in adolescents: Descripton, feasibility, and six-month follow-up findings." Substance Use & Misuse 33: 935-965.

Pallonen, U. E., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1998). "Stages of acquisition and cessation for adolescent smoking: An empirical integration." Addictive Behaviors 23(3): 303-324.

Pallonen, U.E., Velicer, W.F., Prochaska, J.O., & Smith, N.F. (1995). Feasibility of computer-based smoking interventions among teenagers: Recruitment and treatment retention. In R.R. Dholakia & D.B. Fortin (eds.), COTIM-95 Proceedings : Living and Working in Cyberspace: New Information Ssytem Technologies at Home and Work. Newport, RI: COTIM-95.

Payne, T. J., P. O. Smith, et al. (1994). "Assessing nicotine dependence: A comparison of the Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire (FTQ) with the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) in a clinical sample." Addictive Behaviors 19: 307-317.

Pinto, R. P., D. B. Abrams, et al. (1987). "Nicotine dependence and likelihood of quitting smoking." Addictive Behaviors 12: 371-374.

Plummer, B. A., A. Bolour, et al. (?). Attitudes toward computers and expert system technologies for individualized smoking cessation programs.

Prochaska, J. O., P. Crimi, et al. (1982). "Self-change processes, self-efficacy and self-concept in relapse and maintenance of cessation of smoking." Psychological Reports 51: 983-990.

Prochaska, J. O. and D. V. Lapsanski (1982). "Life changes, cessation and maintenance of smoking: A preliminary report." Psychological Reports 50: 609-610.

Prochaska, J. O. and C. C. DiClemente (1983). "Stages and processes of self-change of smoking: Toward an integrative model of change." Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 51(3): 390-395.

Prochaska, J. O. and C. C. DiClemente (1984). Self change processes, self efficacy and decisional balance across five stages of smoking cessation. Advances in Cancer Control - 1983. New York, NY, Alan R. Liss, Inc.: 131-140.

Prochaska, J. O. and C. C. DiClemente (1985). Common processes of self-change in smoking, weight control, and psychological distress. Coping and substance abuse: A conceptual framework. S. Shiffman and T. Wills. New York, NY, Academic Press: 345-363.

Prochaska, J. O., C. C. DiClemente, et al. (1985). "Predicting change in smoking status for self-changers." Addictive Behaviors 10: 395-406.

Prochaska, J. O. (1986). "Patterns of change in smoking behavior." Health Psychology 5: 97-98.

Prochaska, J. O., W. F. Velicer, et al. (1988). "Measuring processes of change: Applications to the cessation of smoking." Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 56(4): 520-528.

Prochaska, J. O., J. S. Rossi, et al. (1990). A comparison of four minimal interventions for smoking cessation: An outcome evaluation. World Conference on Tobacco and Health, Perth, Australia.

Prochaska, J. O., W. F. Velicer, et al. (1991). "Patterns of change: Dynamic typology applied to smoking cessation." Multivariate Behavioral Research 26: 83-107.

Prochaska, J., C. DiClemente, et al. (1993). "Standardized, individualized, interactive, and personalized self-help programs for smoking cessation." Health Psychology 12: 399-405.

Prochaska, J. O. (1995). Psychology of smoking cessation programs: Lessons from "Pathways to Change". Progress with Nicotine Replacement Products for Smoking Cessation: Perspectives on Newer Products and Controversial Issues, Scientific Therapeutics Information, Inc.

Prochaska, J. O. (1996). "A stage paradigm for integrating clinical and public health approaches to smoking cessation." Addictive Behaviors 21(6): 721-732.

Prochaska, J. O., W. F. Velicer, et al. (1997). "Counselor and stimulus control enhancement of a stage-matched expert system intervention for smokers in a managed care setting." .

Prochaska, J. O., W. F. Velicer, et al. (1997). "A stage-matched expert system intervention for a total population of smokers." .

Prochaska, J. O. (?). Revolution in health promotion: Smoking cessation as a case study: 361-375.

Prokhorov, A. V. (1992). Effects of tobacco on children: active and passive smoking. International Conference on the Prevention of Atherosclerosis and Hypertension Beginning in Youth, Orlando, FL.

Prokhorov, A. V. and A. A. Alexandrov (1992). "Tobacco smoking in Moscow school students." British Journal of Addictions 87: 1469-1476.

Prokhorov, A. V., D. M. Murray, et al. (1993). "Three approaches to adolescent smoking detection: A comparison of "expert" assessment, anonymous self-report, and Co measurement." Addictive Behaviors 18: 407-414.

Prokhorov, A., A. Farkas, et al. (1993). "Perception benefits to smoking cigarettes in adolescents unexposed to smokers in their social environment: A possible result of cigarette advertising." American Journal of Public Health Submitted for publication.

Prokhorov, A. V. (1993). "Smoking patterns and primary prevention among Russian school-children." European Journal of Public Health: 55-81.

Prokhorov, A. V. and A. A. Alexandrov (1994). "Prevention of adolescent smoking in Russia." European Journal of Public Health 4: 169-174.

Prokhorov, A. V., U. E. Pallonen, et al. (1995). Readiness to change smoking behavior in different social environments. Tobacco and Health. K. Slama. New York, Plenum Press: 639-642.

Prokhorov, A. V. and M. G. Goldstein (1995). "A stage-matched approach to smoking cessation counseling." The Cancer Bulletin 47(2): 171-174.

Prokhorov, A. V., U. E. Pallonen, et al. (1996). "Measuring nicotine dependence among high-risk adolescent smokers." Addictive Behaviors 21(1): 177-127.

Prokhorov, A. V., K. M. Emmons, et al. (1996). "Respiratory response to cigarette smoking among adolescent smokers: A pilot study." Preventive Medicine 25: 633-640.

Rakowski, W., J. Bellis, et al. (1993). "Smoking status and mammography in a statewide survey." Addictive Behaviors 18: 691-696.

Redding, C. A., J. S. Rossi, et al. (1989). "Dynamic factors in the maintenance of smoking cessation: A naturalistic study." .

Rossi, J. S., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1988). A cluster-analytic approach to defining light and heavy smoking. American Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.

Rossi, J. S., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1988). "Processes of change in heavy and light smokers." J. Sub. Abuse 1: 1-9.

Rossi, J. S., L. L. Harlow, et al. (1988). Factor structure of the Reasons for Smoking Scale. American Psychological Association, Altanta, GA.

Rossi, S. R., J. S. Rossi, et al. (1989). Beyond maintenance: A termination stage for smoking cessation. The Eastern Psychological Association, Boston, MA.

Rossi, S. R., J. S. Rossi, et al. (1990). Dietary fat reduction among smokers and ex-smokers. World Conference on Tobacco and Health, Perth, Australia.

Rossi, J. S. (1994). Stages and processes of behavior change: Applications to the cessation of smoking. New England High Blood Pressure Council, Worcester, MA.

Ruggiero, L. and J. Dryfoos (1993). Understanding diversity in underserved pregnant smokers. Association for the Advancement of Behavior Therapy, Atlanta, GA.

Ruggiero, L., J. Rossi, et al. (1997). "Smoking and diabetes: Readiness for change, and provider advice." Submitted for publication.

Schofield, P. E., D. J. Hill, et al. (1997). "Smoking policy interventions: Is Australian youth in favour of them." Health Promotion Journal of Australia 7(1): 4-10.

Sheahan, S. L. and M. Latimer (1995). "Correlates of smoking, stress, and depression among women." Health Values and Journal of Health Behavior, Education, and Promotion 19: 29-36.

Snow, M. G., J. S. Fossi, et al. (1989). Concurrent substance usage amongst light, intermediate, and heavy smokers. Society of Behavioral Medicine, San Francisco.

Snow, M. G., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1992). "Stages of change for smoking cessation among former problem drinkers: A cross-sectional analysis." J. Sub. Abuse 4: 107-116.

Stern, R. A., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1987). "Stages of adolescent cigarette smoking acquisition: Measurement and sample profiles." Addictive Behaviors 12: 319-329.

Stoddard, J. J. and T. Miller (1995). "Impact of parental smoking on the prevalence of wheezing respiratory illness in children." American Journal of Epidemiology 141: 96-102.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS) (1984). The health consequences of smoking: Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease. Washington, D.C., U.S. Government Printing Office.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS) (1990). The health benefits of smoking cessation. Washington, D.C., U.S. Government Printing Office.

Vartiainen, E., U. Pallonen, et al. (1983). "Effect of two years of educational intervention on adolescent smoking (The North Karelia Youth Project)." Bulletin of the World Health Organization 61(3): 529-532.

Vartiainen, E., U. Pallonen, et al. (1990). "Eight-year follow-up results of an adolescent smoking prevention program: The North Karelia Youth Project." American Journal of Public Health 80(1): 78-79.

Velicer, W. F., C. C. DiClemente, et al. (1985). "A decisional balance measure for predicting smoking cessation." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 48: 1279-1289.

Velicer, W. F., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1985). "Decisional balance measure for assessing and predicting smoking status." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 48(5): 1279-1289.

Velicer, W. F., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1992). "Assessing outcome in smoking cessation studies." Psychological Bulletin 111(1): 23-41.

Velicer, W. F., J. L. Fava, et al. (1992). "Design for a small state (Draft)." .

Velicer, W. F., C. A. Redding, et al. (1992). "A time series investigation of three nicotine regulation models." Addictive Behaviors 17: 325-345.

Velicer, W. F., J. S. Rossi, et al. (1993). Minimal interventions appropriate for an entire population of smokers. Interventions for Smokers: An International Perspective. R. Richmond. NY, Williams & Wilkins: 69-94.

Velicer, W. F., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1993). "An expert system intervention for smoking cessation." Addictive Behaviors 18: 269-290.

Velicer, W. F. and C. C. DiClemente (1993). "Understanding and intervening with the total population of smokers." Tobacco Control 2: 95-96.

Velicer, W. F., R. G. LaForge, et al. (1994). "The development and initial validation of the smoking policy inventory." Tobacco Control 3: 347-355.

Velicer, W. F., J. L. Fava, et al. (1995). "Distribution of smokers by stage in three representative samples." Preventive Medicine 24: 401-411.

Velicer, W. F. (1996). "Introduction to special issue of Addictive Behaviors." Addictive Behaviors 21(6): 1-2.

Velicer, W. F., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1997). "Interactive versus non-interactive interventions and dose-response relationships for stage matched smoking cessation programs in a managed care setting." .

Velicer, W.F., & Prochaska, J.O. (in press). An expert system intervention for smoking cessation. Patient Education and Counseling, 00, 000-000.

Velicer, W. F., U. E. Pallonen, et al. (1998). Expertensysteme zur Tabakpravention und Rauchentwohnung im Jugendalter (Expert system interventions for smoking cessation and prevention). Programme gegen Sucht. Internationale Ansaetze zur Suchtpraevention im Jugendalter. P. Kolip. Weinheim, Germany, Juventa: 235-247.

Velicer, W. F., et al. (?). Targeting within-stage of change in smoking cessation research: Precontemplation subtypes.

Weinrich, S., S. Hardin, et al. (1996). "Psychological correlates of adolescent smoking in response to stress." American Journal of Health Behavior 20: 52-60.

Wilcox, N. S., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1985). "Client characteristics as predictors of self-change in smoking cessation." Addictive Behaviors 10: 407-412.

Wilcox, N. S., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1985). "Subject characteristics as predictors of self-change in smoking." Addictive Behaviors 10: 407-412.

Wu, J. M. (1989). Summary and concluding remarks. Environmental tobacco smoke: Proceeding of the international symposium at McGill University, Lexington, MA, Heath.

New Roman">U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS) (1990). The health benefits of smoking cessation. Washington, D.C., U.S. Government Printing Office.

Vartiainen, E., U. Pallonen, et al. (1983). "Effect of two years of educational intervention on adolescent smoking (The North Karelia Youth Project)." Bulletin of the World Health Organization 61(3): 529-532.

Vartiainen, E., U. Pallonen, et al. (1990). "Eight-year follow-up results of an adolescent smoking prevention program: The North Karelia Youth Project." American Journal of Public Health 80(1): 78-79.

Velicer, W. F., C. C. DiClemente, et al. (1985). "A decisional balance measure for predicting smoking cessation." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 48: 1279-1289.

Velicer, W. F., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1985). "Decisional balance measure for assessing and predicting smoking status." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 48(5): 1279-1289.

Velicer, W. F., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1992). "Assessing outcome in smoking cessation studies." Psychological Bulletin 111(1): 23-41.

Velicer, W. F., J. L. Fava, et al. (1992). "Design for a small state (Draft)." .

Velicer, W. F., C. A. Redding, et al. (1992). "A time series investigation of three nicotine regulation models." Addictive Behaviors 17: 325-345.

Velicer, W. F., J. S. Rossi, et al. (1993). Minimal interventions appropriate for an entire population of smokers. Interventions for Smokers: An International Perspective. R. Richmond. NY, Williams & Wilkins: 69-94.

Velicer, W. F., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1993). "An expert system intervention for smoking cessation." Addictive Behaviors 18: 269-290.

Velicer, W. F. and C. C. DiClemente (1993). "Understanding and intervening with the total population of smokers." Tobacco Control 2: 95-96.

Velicer, W. F., R. G. LaForge, et al. (1994). "The development and initial validation of the smoking policy inventory." Tobacco Control 3: 347-355.

Velicer, W. F., J. L. Fava, et al. (1995). "Distribution of smokers by stage in three representative samples." Preventive Medicine 24: 401-411.

Velicer, W. F. (1996). "Introduction to special issue of Addictive Behaviors." Addictive Behaviors 21(6): 1-2.

Velicer, W. F., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1997). "Interactive versus non-interactive interventions and dose-response relationships for stage matched smoking cessation programs in a managed care setting." .

Velicer, W. F., U. E. Pallonen, et al. (1998). Expertensysteme zur Tabakpravention und Rauchentwohnung im Jugendalter (Expert system interventions for smoking cessation and prevention). Programme gegen Sucht. Internationale Ansaetze zur Suchtpraevention im Jugendalter. P. Kolip. Weinheim, Germany, Juventa: 235-247.

Velicer, W. F, Prochaska, J. O., Fava, J. L., Norman, G. J., & Redding, C. A. (1998) Smoking cessation and stress management: Applications of the Transtheoretical Model of behavior change. Homeostasis, 38, 216-233.

Velicer, W. F., H. S. L., et al. (?). Targeting within-stage of change in smoking cessation research: Precontemplation subtypes.

Weinrich, S., S. Hardin, et al. (1996). "Psychological correlates of adolescent smoking in response to stress." American Journal of Health Behavior 20: 52-60.

Wilcox, N. S., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1985). "Client characteristics as predictors of self-change in smoking cessation." Addictive Behaviors 10: 407-412.

Wilcox, N. S., J. O. Prochaska, et al. (1985). "Subject characteristics as predictors of self-change in smoking." Addictive Behaviors 10: 407-412.

Wu, J. M. (1989). Summary and concluding remarks. Environmental tobacco smoke: Proceeding of the international symposium at McGill University, Lexington, MA, Heath.