URI scientists ask Rhode Islanders to watch for arrival of another invasive insect
KINGSTON, R.I. – June 14, 2021 — Another troublesome invasive species is expected to arrive in Rhode Island this summer, and experts at the University of Rhode Island are asking the public to keep an eye out for it.
The spotted lanternfly, which feeds on more than 70 different plants and is particularly damaging to grape vines, is native to China, India and Vietnam and was first detected in the United States in 2014 in southeast Pennsylvania. It has since spread into eight other states, including New York and New Jersey, and last year it was found in several locations in Connecticut.
“We expect it to arrive here imminently; this summer is very possible,” said Lisa Tewksbury, an entomologist at the URI Biocontrol Lab who monitors invasive species.
Spotted lanternflies are sap-feeding leafhoppers, and they look quite distinctive. In their earliest nymphal stages, they are black with white spots, and later they turn red with black and white markings. The inch-long adults look like a gray spotted moth with scarlet hindwings. They can gather in massive numbers, making them a nuisance even when they aren’t damaging trees and plants.
“We think they’re spreading through the transportation system,” Tewksbury said. “They’re big insects that can fly around and land on trains and other vehicles or get caught in the grills of pickup trucks and end up getting transported to new places.”
The insect’s eggs are laid on trees – though they have also been found on picnic tables, wood pallets and even recreational vehicles – where they overwinter and emerge as nymphs in the late spring. By late summer they transform into adults, and they are easily seen feeding, flying and congregating in large groups. The adults die after the first frost.
Spotted lanternflies seem to prefer to feed on tree of heaven, an invasive tree that scientists would be happy to have reduced in number. But the insects have also had a devastating economic impact on vineyards in Pennsylvania. In addition, maple trees, black walnut trees and ornamental trees and shrubs have also been hard hit in some areas.
Due to these effects, teams of researchers from throughout the Northeast are studying how to manage these insects. Some efforts are focused on testing the use of horticultural oils and biopesticides that can be sprayed on affected plants and trees. Tewksbury and her lab manager, Alana Russell, are part of a team testing whether parasitic insects from China that prey on lanternflies will also harm native insects if they are released here.
The URI researchers are also scouting for tree of heaven in Rhode Island to look for evidence of lanternfly nymphs or adults. That’s where they would like help from the public.
Tewksbury and Russell are asking for assistance with this surveillance. Those who live near tree of heaven or grape vines are asked to periodically check them for spotted lanternflies and to take a photo and collect a specimen if any of the insects are found. Photos should be sent to Tewksbury at firstname.lastname@example.org.
More information and a link to a reporting form for the Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management can be found at https://web.uri.edu/biocontrol/spotted-lanternfly.